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  • A History of Wrought Iron

    Posted on January 31, 2018 @ 4:37 pm

    A History of Wrought Iron Iron doors and windows make elegant additions to homes and businesses. Indeed, iron — including wrought iron — has been included in the design and construction of buildings of all types for generations. This includes everything from private residences to cathedrals to royal palaces, and many other types of buildings.

    If you are considering adding iron doors, windows, or some other accoutrements made of that material to your residence of business, you might enjoy hearing a bit about the history of wrought iron. Wrought iron has been a major element of some of the most amazing structures built the world over.

    What is Wrought Iron?

    Wrought is word that historically meant “to work.” Wrought iron garners its name from the fact that it is “worked” iron. In this regard, you need to think about a blacksmith, a person who forms and fashions metal.

    Wrought iron, historically was considered the most common form of malleable iron. A product crafted from wrought iron is one that was mechanically worked by forging, extruding, rolling, hammering, and other techniques. This is done to change its form and even its properties. Because of advances in technology, wrought iron is not widely utilized today.

    An Iconic Structure We All Know

    In today’s world, you need look further than Paris to see an example of an amazing, iconic structure made of a type of wrought iron.

    The Eiffel tower was constructed with puddled iron, which is a form of wrought iron. The Eiffel Tower is defined as a wrought iron lattice tower. It is located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. The structure is named after the engineer who worked for the company that designed the Eiffel Tower, a man named Gustave Eiffel.

    The Origins of Wrought Iron

    Wrought iron actually can be traced as far back as the Han Dynasty in China. This is about two hundred years before the so-called Christian Era or the birth of Christ. During the 400 year period wrought iron became utilized during the Han Dynasty, its use began to spread not only throughout Asia, but came into regular use in Europe as well.

    Wrought Iron Furniture

    Wrought iron furniture has been long in use. Wrought iron furniture was in use during the times of the Roman Empire. This type of furniture started to come into use throughout Europe, including in England. In fact, wrought iron furniture reached what most historians agree was the peak of its popularity in the 17th century England. This occurred in England, during the reign of William III and Mary II.

    Wrought Iron Gates and Doors

    Although found in different parts of the world for hundreds of years, wrought iron gates and doors also were widely utilized in England. For example, wrought iron doors and gates were prominent features in Westminster Abbey in the 13th century.

    Wrought iron gates and doors are also featured in castles and palaces constructed throughout England, Ireland, and Scotland. Wrought iron gates and doors are also found in churches and castles throughout what is now Germany.

    Palaces in Russia also feature a significant amount of wrought iron in gates and doors. These include palaces that date back to the reigns of Peter the Great and Catherine the Great.

    Wrought Iron Today

    Although wrought iron is not produced on a large scale today, it is still crafted and utilized in some situations. For example, wrought iron continues to be utilized in historic preservation projects and in the rehabilitation of historic structures.

    Wrought iron today typically is drawn from reclaimed materials. For example, wrought iron is drawn from old bridges and anchor chains dredged from harbors.

    With that said, there are artisans in business today who do work with traditional wrought iron. They are known for crafting specialized, custom made items for businesses and residences. For example, these craftspeople are known to make wrought iron doors, windows, fences, and furniture.

    What technically is known as mild steel is oftentimes called wrought iron today. This occurs because it does have a look that resembles true wrought iron.

    Mild steel, billed as wrought iron, oftentimes is utilized in doors, windows, fences, furniture, and other items. Again, these products nearly always are classified as being made from wrought iron, even though that technically is not the case.

    In today’s world, those who work with traditional, wrought iron and mild steel oftentimes are referred to as being involved with artisan metalwork for architectural elements, garden features, and decorative or ornamental objects. Some of these artisans use the practices favored by blacksmiths in another era.

    Jessica Kane is a professional blogger who writes for Abby Iron Doors. Abby Iron Doors specialize in designing and manufacturing wrought iron entry doors, wine cellar doors, windows and balconies for residential and commercial customers.

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